WASHINGTON — The most direct route to the golf course that was once the focus of a protest movement may be the most likely to get you in shape and stay fit, according to an analysis of data from the World Golf Association.
The results, published Friday in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, found that people who played in places such as the golf club, a swimming pool or a lake would need to play in the area twice as long as people who spent more time playing indoors.
The average distance traveled for those two sessions was 14.4 miles, or about 8.7 hours.
Those who played outside in the same location as the protest site, for instance, were only slightly more likely to spend 13.5 hours in the water than people who did the same distance outdoors.
“The distance that people were able to play was the least,” said Robert Pardue, a sports biomechanist at the University of Minnesota who led the research.
“People were able [to] be at the beach or in a pool and walk for two hours.”
The data, which looked at 1.4 million people, showed that about a quarter of those who played outdoors were able stay fit.
The vast majority, 45 percent, played indoors, with those who stayed indoors only about half as likely to reach their fitness goals as those who went outside.
The study found that outdoor exercise had similar effects on health as indoor activity.
It found that exercise at the gym, at least at a moderate intensity, had no statistically significant health benefits compared to those at the golf courses.
It also showed that indoor exercise had no health benefits, but it did have an effect on some aspects of health.
For instance, exercise at a gym was associated with lower blood pressure, higher HDL cholesterol and higher levels of a hormone called insulin-like growth factor-1.
The research was based on the analysis of 524,000 participants from all over the world who were tracked for five years.
It included a questionnaire that asked them to rank their health outcomes on a scale of 0 to 100 based on their physical activity levels and the health of their joints.
Those that had the highest levels of activity had better health than those that were at lower levels, according the results.
“If you’re playing outside, you’re getting better health.
You’re not getting as much,” Pardues said.”
You’re getting less and less.
You’ll see more and more people coming in and getting sick.”
The study also found that walking outdoors was the healthiest option.
“There’s a lot of evidence that outdoor activity is good for your joints, your heart and your overall health,” Pardsue said.
“But it’s not just about physical activity.”
Pardue said that many people are already exercising, so the health benefits of outdoor activities are not necessarily reflected in their physical fitness levels.
“It’s the combination of things like being outside, the activity, the physical activity and also the time spent in it,” he said.
For some people, indoor exercise may have a benefit.
For others, it may be counterproductive.
The association’s research team used data from nearly 4,000 U.S. adults from 2000 to 2016.
The team analyzed how outdoor activity affected physical fitness by looking at how many people had completed a physical activity questionnaire, how much time spent exercising outdoors and how much energy they expended.
They looked at each of those factors to see how many more people were at risk for heart disease, diabetes and other chronic conditions.
“This is not just a question of going to the gym or swimming pool,” PARDues said, “it’s all the time you spend in it.
That’s the real reason people are so unhealthy.”